The sixteenth century Ballynahinch Castle proudly overlooks the Ballynahinch river. This has been the house of the O'Flaherty Chieftains, Grace O'Malley, Humanity Dick Martin and the Maharajah Ranjitsinji. Richard Martin was called "Humanity Dick" because of his great compassion for animals which led to the setting up by him of the R.S.P.C.A.
The island castle (a crannog) was built in the fifteenth century by Donal O'Flaherty, husband of Grace O'Malley or Granuaile as she was also known. The ruins of the castle are stiIl to be seen today from the Galway-Clifden road. A forestry plantation located near Recess was funded by the lrish American Cultural Foundation in appreciation of the Irish emigrants contribution to Boston and the U.S. Midway along the Inagh Valley on the western shores of Derryclare Lough there is a nature reserve of old natural Oak woodland.